A dislocation involves partially or fully pulling a bone out of position, specifically at the location of joints, and is characterized by temporary deformity, immobilization, pain, and swelling. Dislocation most commonly occurs in the shoulders, hips, knees, thumb/fingers, elbow, and jaw. A dislocation can appear similar to a fracture; if in doubt, treat the injury like a fracture. To treat a dislocation, take the following steps:
Call for emergency medical assistance.
Immobilize the injured area (with a sling if it's a shoulder dislocation).
Place an ice pack or cold compress on the injured joint.
Monitor circulation in the injured area until help arrives.
Austin, M., Crawford, R., & Armstrong, V. J. (2014). First aid manual. (G. M. Piazza, Ed.) (5th ed.). DK Publishing. https://kuiyem.ku.edu.tr/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/American-College-of-Emergency-Physicians-ACEP-First-Aid-Manual.pdf.
Mayo Clinic Staff. (2020, June 3). Dislocation: First aid. Mayo Clinic. https://www.mayoclinic.org/first-aid/first-aid-dislocation/basics/art-20056693.